Analyzing Qualitative Data


As mentioned in the section on “Collecting Data”, qualitative data refers to data that typically cannot be counted but which describe the qualities or attributes of a research subject. While quantitative analysis often involves making inferences based on large numbers of cases, qualitative analysis often focuses on a few or even a single case study. [See Sampling and Case Selection.]

In this guide, we include discussion and resources on the following qualitative methods of analysis:

  1. Historical Analysis
  2. Path Dependency
  3. Process Tracing
  4. Counterfactuals
  5. Scenario-Building



updated August 3, 2017 – MN